Preschooler with back pain

MRI of osteomyelitis of the spine
Coronal T1 MRI without contrast of the lumbar spine (left above) shows areas of low signal intensity on the right side of the L4 and L5 vertebral bodies and a right-sided paraspinal mass all of which enhance after the administration of contrast (right above). Axial T2 MRI through the L5 vertebral body (below) shows high signal intensity in the right side of the vertebral body and in the right paraspinal mass. The disk spaces are not involved.

The diagnosis was osteomyelitis.

Toddler with limp who won’t bear weight on right leg

Radiograph and MRI of diskitis / osteomyelitis
Lateral radiograph of the lumbar spine shows loss of height of the L3-L4 intervertebral disc space. Sagittal T2 MRI of the lumbar spine shows (right top) loss of normal bright signal of the L3-L4 intervertebral disc and an epidural mass just posterior to the L4 vertebral body. Axial T1 MRI with contrast at the L4 level shows the epidural mass to be right sided and to also involve the right psoas muscle.

The diagnosis was osteomyelitis / diskitis.

Teenager with abnormal pleural-based nodules on CXR who had sustained blunt abdominal trauma in the remote past

CXR and CT and Tc-99m sulfur colloid scan of diaphragmatic rupture
CXR AP shows a left-sided large pleural nodule just beneath the clavicle. Axial CT with contrast of the chest shows multiple pleural nodules throughout the left hemithorax and absence of the spleen. Tc-99m sulfur-colloid scan shows normal radiotracer uptake in the liver with no uptake in the region of the spleen (lower left), and nodular uptake throughout the left hemithorax (lower middle) and abdomen (lower right).

The diagnosis was diaphragmatic rupture and post-traumatic splenosis.

Teenager in a motor vehicle accident with chest pain

CXR and CT and angiogram of thoracic aortic injury
CXR AP shows widened mediastinum. Axial CT with contrast of the chest shows dilated caliber of the thoracic aorta at the level of the diaphragm with surrounding mediastinal fluid (above) and normal caliber of the abdominal aorta with evidence of retrocrual hemorrhage tracking into the abdomen (below). Angiogram shows a pseudoaneurysm of the aorta at the level of the diaphragm.

The diagnosis was thoracic aortic injury.