Pediatric Bronchiectasis

  • Etiology: irreversible dilation of the airways
  • CT: inspiratory – diameter of bronchus > diameter of adjacent pulmonary artery, expiratory – look for air trapping

Radiology Cases of Bronchiectasis

CT of bronchiectasis
Axial CT without contrast of the chest shows extensive bronchiectasis throughout the lungs.
CXR of bronchiectasis
CXR shows linear cystic changes in the lingula and left lower lobe posteriorly which were chronic in nature.

Gross Pathology Cases of Bronchiectasis

Gross pathological image of bronchiectasis in cystic fibrosis
Gross pathological image of a sectioned lung shows marked dilation of the airways in the middle and lower lung with many of the dilated airways containing mucous within them.