Differential diagnosis of pediatric skull fracture types

Approach to the differential diagnosis of different types of skull fractures:

  • Linear fracture appears as a thin lucency
  • Diastatic fracture appears as a wide lucency
  • Depressed fracture has fragments that enter the cranium
  • Ping pong fracture can be seen at birth
  • Growing fracture enlarges over time
  • Accessory suture, vascular groove and Wormian bones can mimic a fracture and are most confidently diagnosed when there is no associated soft tissue swelling
  • Healing fracture has no periosteal reaction and slowly disappears