Pediatric Bronchiolitis Obliterans

  • Etiology: bronchiolar inflammation with submucosal peribronchial fibrosis, often seen post-viral
  • CXR: bronchial dilation, hyperinflation, reticulonodular infiltrates

Radiology Cases of Bronchiolitis Obliterans

CXR and bronchogram of bronchiolitis obliterans
CXR (above) shows chronic interstitial infiltrates in both lungs. Bronchograms of both lungs (below) shows airway dilation, left greater than right.
CXR and CT of bronchiolitis obliterans
CXR AP and lateral (above) shows hyperinflation. Axial CT without contrast of the chest shows focal areas of decreased lung density in a lobular patter most prominent in the bilateral upper lobes (below left) and several nodular opacities in the lingula (below right).
CXR and CT of bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia
CXR (above) shows bilateral basilar infiltrates and blunting of the left costophrenic angle. Axial CT without contrast of the lung (below) shows bilateral lower lobe bronchiectasis and mild interstitial prominence, the upper lobes appeared normal.