Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

  • Etiology: premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome who are chronically ventilated for more than 30 days
  • Imaging: hyperexpanded lungs due to emphysematous blebs with interstitial scaring, CXR findings normalize over very long-term, CT findings never normalize
  • Clinical: more severe course than chronic lung disease

Cases of Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

CXR of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
CXR AP+lateral shows bilaterally increased interstitial lung markings and increased lung volumes along with emphysematous blebs in the left upper, left lower and right lower lobes.
Chest CT of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Coronal CT without contrast of the lungs shows bilaterally increased interstitial lung markings and increased lung volumes along with an emphysematous bleb in the left lower lobe.