Pediatric Chylothorax

  • Etiology: traumatic tear of the thoracic duct
  • CXR: large pleural effusion
  • Treatment: fat restricted diet / total parenteral nutrition
  • Clinical: most common cause of large neonatal pleural effusion, consider if there could be underlying lymphatic malformation / pulmonary lymphangiectasia

Radiology Cases of Chylothorax

CXR of chylothorax
CXR shows a large right pleural effusion.