Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

  • Etiology: most common cause is 21-hydroxylase deficiency
  • Imaging: diffusely enlarged adrenal glands which are cerebriform in appearance
  • Clinical: virilized female genitalia, salt wasting in male

Radiology Cases of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

US of congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Sagittal (above) and transverse (below) US of the kidneys shows enlarged hypoechoic lesions superior to the kidneys which have a triangular shape on sagittal images and a cerebriform shape on transverse images.

Clinical Cases of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia

Clinical image of congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Clinical image shows an enlarged clitoris that resembles a penis and a partially closed labia.