Conventional Osteosarcoma

  • Etiology: malignant bone forming tumor
  • Imaging: most often near metaphyses of long bones and extends into epiphysis in 80%, aggressive bone lesion with new bone matrix + bone destruction (permeative / moth eaten cortical destruction), extensive extraosseous soft tissue mass
  • Complications: metastasis to lung
  • Clinical: most common malignant primary tumor of children + young adults, 80% of osteosarcoma

Cases of Conventional Osteosarcoma

Radiograph and CT of osteosarcoma of spine
AP and lateral radiographs of the lumbar spine taken during a CT myelogram show loss of height of the L3 vertebral body and sclerosis of its posterior elements. Axial CT myelogram through the L3 vertebral body shows lytic lesions in the vertebral body and an expansile sclerotic appearance of the posterior elements with periosteal reaction.
Radiograph of osteosarcoma of the femur
AP and lateral radiographs of the right femur shows permeative cortical destruction throughout the diaphysis of the femur with associated diffuse sunburst periosteal reaction and a Codman’s triangle.
Gross pathological image of osteosarcoma
Gross pathological image of the tibia shows an aggressive bone lesion with cortical bone destruction and extensive periosteal reaction.