Pediatric Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome

  • Etiology: hypertension, hemolytic uremic syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosis, eclampsia, cyclosporine, cisplatin, tacrolimus
  • Imaging: not always posterior, not always reversible, involves cortex and subcortical white matter, typically vasogenic edema (reversible), occasionally cytotoxic edema (irreversible)

Radiology Cases of Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome

MRI of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome / PRES
Axial FLAIR MRI without contrast of the brain shows bilaterally multiple areas of hyperintense signal in the cortex and subcortical white matter.