Pulmonary Hypoplasia

  • Etiology: oligohydramnios, congenital diaphragmatic hernia
  • Imaging: airways and alveoli and pulmonary vessels are decreased in size and number leading to small lung volumes

Cases of Pulmonary Hypoplasia

CXR of pulmonary hypoplasia due to oligohydramnios
CXR AP shows bilateral poorly developed and poorly expanded lungs.
CXR of congenital scoliosis due to rib fusion
CXR AP shows multiple left-sided anterior and multiple right-sided posterior rib fusions and a mild curvature of the spine convex left resulting in a small thorax.