Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

  • Etiology: posteromedial epiphyseal slip / Salter Harris Type I fracture
  • Imaging: line of Klein drawn over lateral aspect of femoral neck should intersect ~ 1/6th of femoral head
  • Treatment: surgically stabilized via screw without reduction of prexisting slip due to increased risk of post operative osteonecrosis associated with slip reduction
  • Clinical: seen in older (13 year olds) vs Legg-Calve-Perthes (in 4-8 year olds), 25% bilateral, risk factors – obesity / endocrine / delayed skeletal maturation / family history / hip trauma / decreased femoral anteversion

Cases of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

Radiograph of slipped capital femoral epiphysis
Frogleg radiograph of the pelvis shows a fracture through the right physeal growth plate causing the femoral epiphysis to sublux off of the femoral metaphysis.
Radiograph and CT of slipped capital femoral epiphysis
AP radiograph of the pelvis shows a fracture through the left physeal growth plate causing the femoral epiphysis to sublux off of the femoral metaphysis. This is more clearly seen on the coronal 2D reconstruction CT of the pelvis.
Radiograph of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease and slipped capital femoral epiphysis
AP (above) and frogleg (below) radiographs of the pelvis shows the right femoral head to be flat and enlarged with femoral neck shortening. The left femoral epiphysis is slipped posteromedially.