Premature newborn who has received artificial surfactant

symmetrical distribution of artificial surfactant in a patient with respiratory distress syndrome
CXR AP obtained just after birth (left) shows the lungs to be hypoexpanded with symmetrical ground glass opacity present throughout the lungs from their apex to their base. CXR AP taken after the administration of artificial surfactant (right) shows the lungs to now be normally expanded with symmetrical clearing of the previously seen ground glass opacity present throughout the lungs.

The diagnosis was symmetrical distribution of artificial surfactant in a patient with respiratory distress syndrome.