Ultrapremature newborn with massive abdominal distension who has passed only a little meconium after 4 days

Enema of meconium obstruction of prematurity
AXR AP (above) shows massively dilated loops of bowel throughout the entire abdomen. AXR AP taken at the beginning of an enema performed with water-soluble contrast (lower left) shows meconium filling almost the entire colon. AXR AP taken later in the exam (lower right) shows reflux of contrast into massively dilated loops of small bowel. Several hours after the enema, the patient passed a large amount of meconium and the abdomen became completely decompressed.

Newborn with vomiting and a palpable abdominal mass

Surgical image of duodenal duplication
Surgical image shows a cystic mass attached to the inner surface of the C-loop of the duodenum from just distal to the pylorus to slightly proximal to the region of the ampulla of Vater. The distal antrum is visible in the upper left corner of the incision and the gall bladder is visible in the right corner of the incision between the liver and the mass.

The diagnosis was duodenal duplication.

Teenager with poorly controlled inflammatory bowel disease

CT of Crohn's disease with fistula and abscess
Axial CT with contrast of the abdomen shows a thick-walled mass that is filled with air and oral contrast that is located medial to the oral contrast-filled thickened ascending colon and above the right psoas muscle. An extensive amount of inflammatory change is seen in the mesenteric fat in the right lower quadrant.

The diagnosis was Crohn’s disease with a fistula to an abscess above the right psoas muscle.