Infant with non-bilious and bilious vomiting

Surgical image of Meckel's diverticulum
Surgical image shows shows multiple dilated loops of small bowel in the background with a sharp transition point seen in the center of the image in the terminal ileum where on its anti-mesenteric border a diverticulum is seen with an omphalomesenteric duct remnant coming off it. This remnant had been attached to the under surface of the umbilicus, serving as a fulcrum for a small bowel volvulus, resulting in a small bowel obstruction.

The diagnosis was Meckel’s diverticulum causing a small bowel volvulus and a small bowel obstruction.

Newborn with vomiting and a palpable abdominal mass

Surgical image of duodenal duplication
Surgical image shows a cystic mass attached to the inner surface of the C-loop of the duodenum from just distal to the pylorus to slightly proximal to the region of the ampulla of Vater. The distal antrum is visible in the upper left corner of the incision and the gall bladder is visible in the right corner of the incision between the liver and the mass.

The diagnosis was duodenal duplication.

Newborn with failure to pass meconium

Surgical image of colonic atresia
Surgical images show numerous loops of small bowel which are dilated, thickened and inflamed along with an extremely dilated ascending colon which is at the lower part of the left image and to the left side of the right image. An area of atresia was identified at approximately the hepatic flexure. The downstream colon (not shown) had the appearance of a microcolon. On the right image, the forceps are on the dilated appendix.

The diagnosis was colonic atresia near the level of the hepatic flexure.

Infant with 5 days of vomiting and abdominal distension who now has peritoneal signs and currant jelly stools

Surgical image of ileocolic intussusception
Surgical image shows an ileocolic intussusception extending into the mid ascending colon with a dusky terminal ileum (to the right) intussuscepting into the cecum (to the left). Note that the appendix (in the middle of the image) is intussuscepted with the ileum. The intussusception was reduced without great difficulty manually. No lead point was seen.

Toddler with a right suprarenal mass

Gross pathological image of extralobar pulmonary sequestration
Gross pathological images show a right-sided subdiaphragmatic / suprarenal mass similar in appearance to the lung above it (above left). When the aorta was opened (above right), the orifice of an arterial vessel supplying the mass was seen coming off of the aorta just above the tip of the upper hemostat on the right side of the aorta. The relationship of the feeding vessel off of the aorta to the mass is more clearly demonstrated on the specimen image (below).

The diagnosis was a subdiaphragmatic extralobar pulmonary sequestration.

Preschooler with progressive respiratory distress

Surgical image of congenital lobar emphysema
Surgical image taken just after opening the right chest shows a very large and emphysematous right upper lobe which was allowed to herniate out through the incision, thus decompressing the other intrathoracic structures. The patient’s respiratory status improved immediately. The tip of the normal right middle lobe can be seen under the over inflated right upper lobe.

The diagnosis was congenital lobar emphysema.