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Infant with cough and decreased left ventricular ejection fraction

CXR and CT of anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery / ALCAPA
CXR AP (above) shows the left hemithorax is completely opacified with no mediastinal shift to the left and the pulmonary vascularity is congested. Axial CT with contrast of the chest (below) shows an extremely dilated left ventricle causing compression of the left mainstem bronchus and complete collapse of the left lung.

The diagnosis was anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery causing ischemic cardiomyopathy.

School ager with dyspnea

Angiogram of pulmonary ateriovenous malformation
CXR AP (upper left) shows an ill-defined mass in the right hilum. AP image from a selective injection of the right pulmonary artery from a pulmonary angiogram (upper right) shows a tangle of dilated arterial vessels comprising the mass. Arterial phase (lower left) and venous phase (lower right) AP images from a pulmonary angiogram demonstrate the early arterial appearance of the lesion and then its venous drainage back into the left atrium.

The diagnosis was pulmonary arteriovenous malformation.

School ager with heterotaxy syndrome and asplenia and bilious vomiting

CXR of heterotaxy syndrome and upper GI of malrotation without midgut volvulus
CXR AP (above) shows the cardiac apex to be in the right hemithorax and the gastric bubble to be in the left upper quadrant. AP image from an upper GI (below) shows the ligament of Treitz to be in the right upper quadrant. There is no evidence of duodenal obstruction. The proximal jejunum is also in the right upper quadrant.

The diagnosis was malrotation without midgut volvulus in a patient with heterotaxy syndrome.

Toddler with a right suprarenal mass

Gross pathological image of extralobar pulmonary sequestration
Gross pathological images show a right-sided subdiaphragmatic / suprarenal mass similar in appearance to the lung above it (above left). When the aorta was opened (above right), the orifice of an arterial vessel supplying the mass was seen coming off of the aorta just above the tip of the upper hemostat on the right side of the aorta. The relationship of the feeding vessel off of the aorta to the mass is more clearly demonstrated on the specimen image (below).

The diagnosis was a subdiaphragmatic extralobar pulmonary sequestration.

Infant with respiratory distress

CXR and bronchogram and pulmonary angiogram of pulmonary agenesis
CXR AP and lateral (above) shows complete opacification of the left hemithorax and tracheal and mediastinal shift to the left and hyperexpansion of the right lung. CXR AP taken during a bronchogram (below left) shows absence of the left mainstem bronchus. AP image from a pulmonary angiogram (below right) shows a normal appearing right main pulmonary artery and absence of the left pulmonary artery.

The diagnosis was pulmonary agenesis.